Dezeen Magazine

Trash to Chair by Peggy Gou and Space Available

Space Available and Peggy Gou create furniture from "heartbreaking" plastic waste

Design studio Space Available and techno DJ Peggy Gou have joined forces to create a chair made of plastic trash collected from streets and waterways in Indonesia.

Each chair is made on the island of Bali from 20 kilograms of recycled high-density polyethylene (HDPE) packaging that was discarded on the neighbouring island of Java.

Indonesia is the world's second-largest contributor to ocean plastic behind China. Only 10 per cent of the 6.8 million tonnes of plastic waste generated here every year is recycled.

Trash to Chair made from recycled plastic with swirly blue pattern and vinyl storage
The chair (above) was designed by Space Available and Peggy Gou (top image)

"The trash is just everywhere, in the streets and rivers," said Daniel Mitchell, who founded Bali design studio Space Available in the midst of last year's coronavirus lockdown. "It's heartbreaking."

"It's not the fault of the people, there's just very little structural support, waste collection or education," he added. "Households are left to dispose of their own waste and most ends up in rivers or being burned."

Back blue and white chair with speckled pattern by Peggy Gou and Space Available
Two back fins were added for stability

Mitchell, who is also creative director of Bali hotel and beach club Potato Head, partnered with Gou to bring awareness to this mounting issue via the medium of design.

"The aim was to create an everyday object that can start conversations and instigate awareness and change," Mitchell explained.

Peggy Gou on chair with vinyl storage designed with Space Available
Gou added an under-seat compartment in a nod to her growing vinyl collection

Gou is a Berlin-based DJ, who releases music under her own label Gudu Records and was the first South Korean artist to play the city's iconic Berghain nightclub.

Her chair design features an under-seat storage unit for vinyl records and a hypnotic spiral pattern that is swirled into the melted plastic by hand before it has time to set and harden into sheets.

"We then use these sheets like wood and we work with local Balinese artisans who make the chair by hand in their workshop," he explained.

Instructions for creating Trash to Chair from recycled plastic
To create the chair plastic waste is cleaned, shredded and melted in a mould

The final chair can be assembled without the need for screws, staples or glue, simply by using plastic offcuts created in the process of trimming the sheets as welding rods.

Melted with a heat gun, they fuse the different components together in a method that Mitchell claims produces zero waste and allows the whole chair to be recycled again at the end of its life.

"It's a technique that Max Lamb showed us in a previous project," he explained.

"The chair is made of just one material, which is really key for recyclability. When too many materials are mixed, it usually makes products very hard to recycle."

Side profile of speckled blue plastic chair by Peggy Gou and Space Available
The spiral pattern on the surface is created by swirling the plastic before it resolidifies

Although it is vital to recycle the plastic that has already been created, Mitchell argues that a ban on single-use plastics is the only real solution to the global waste crisis.

"Western countries send much of their trash here or to other locations around Asia, they just brush it under the carpet," he said.

Front view of Trash to Chair with vinyls in under-seat storage unit
A compartment under the seat is large enough to hold vinyl records

"I think banning single-use plastic is the only way at this stage. But implementing that will be very difficult and there's no immediate replacement within the current system," Mitchell added.

"Awareness is growing but corporations and governments should be the ones taking responsibility."

Side view of speckled blue plastic chair by Peggy Gou and Space Available
The aim of the project is to raise awareness about plastic pollution

Mitchell explained his mission to clean up Bali during a live talk as part of Dezeen's Virtual Design Festival last year.

He explained how Potato Head regularly stages beach cleanups and turns the plastic waste found in the process into furniture and other amenities that are then put to use in its hotels and beach clubs.

A slew of other designers have created seating designs from recycled plastic in a bid to make a dent in the 300 million tonnes of plastic waste produced globally every year – or at least raise awareness around the issue.

While Tom Robinson used e-waste like old laptops to form his Evolve Chair, South Korean designer Haneul Kim fashioned a stool from discarded face mask and Norwegian brand Vestre used ocean plastic to create its Coast bench.